This page contains titles and links to research, reports, books and studies that are either focused on an area of the Raritan Basin or on one of the key issue areas that we focus on.
We welcome recommendations for additions to this list. Please send suggestions for additions or any changes with “Raritan Bibliography” in the subject line to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Raritan Bay Bibliography
In preparation for our 7th Annual Sustainable Raritan Conference, entitled “Two States: One Bay”, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s Office of Science compiled a selected bibliography of ecological and land use studies of the Raritan Bay. You can access the bibliography here.
Compiled Research, Reports, Books and Studies
Adams, Davene, Joel O’Connor, Stephen Weisberg. 1998. Appendices for: Sediment Quality of the NY/NJ Harbor System. EPA/902-R-98-001.
Adams, D.A., S. Benyi. 2003. Sediment Quality in the NY/NJ Harbor System: a 5-year revisit, 1993/4 – 1998, Final Report; An Investigation under the Regional Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-Region 2. EPA/902-R-03-002.
Adams, D.A., S. Benyi. 2003. Appendices to the Sediment Quality Report on the NY/NJ Harbor System. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-Region 2. EPA/092-R-03-002.
Andrews, Clinton, et al. 2007. Highland Park Green Community Plan. New Jersey Sustainable State Institute, New Brunswick, NJ.
Bagheri, Simi. 2011. Nearshore Water Quality Estimation Using Atmospherically Corrected AVIRIS Data. Remote Sensing. 3, 257-269; doi: 10.3390/rs3020257
Bartholomew, Harland. 1927. A Study of the Rutgers University Campus Plan. Harland Bartholomew & Associates.
Bonin, Jennifer L., Timothy P. Wilson. 2006. Organic Compounds, Trace Elements, Suspended Sediment, and Field Characteristics at the Heads-of-Tide of the Raritan, Passaic, Hackensack, Rahway, and Elizabeth Rivers, New Jersey, 2000-03. Prepared in cooperation with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
Boriek, Mark. 2013. American Shad Restoration in the Raritan River. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Fish and Wildlife, Bureau of Freshwater Fisheries. Investigations and Management of New Jersey’s Freshwater Fisheries Resources, Final Report Job I-5.
Buell, Murray and Warren Wistendahl. 1955. Flood Plain Forests of the Raritan River. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Downloaded from 126.96.36.199 on Thu, 4 Sep 2014. All use subject to JSTOR.
Burger, Joanna, Michael Gochfeld, Christian Jeitner, Mark Donio, Taryn Pittfield. 2012. Lead (Pb) in Biota and Perceptions of Pb Exposure at a Recently Designated Superfund Beach site in New Jersey. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 75:272-287. DOI: 10.1080/152873494.2012.652058.
Buxton, D.E., Kathryn Hunchak-Kariouk, R.E. Hickman. 1999. Relations of surface-water quality to streamflow in the Raritan River basin, New Jersey, water years 1976-93. U.S. Geological Survey.
Cal, Zongwei, V.M. Sadagopa Ramanujam, Michael L. Gross, Angela Cristini, Robert K. Tucker. 1994. Levels of Polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans in Crab Tissues from the Newark/Raritan Bay System. Environmental Science & Technology, 28, 1535-1538.
Cal, Zongwei, Daryl E. Giblin, V.M. Sadagopa Ramanujam, Michael L. Gross, Angela Cristini. 1994. Mass-Profile Monitoring in Trace Analysis: Identification of Polychlorodibenzothiophenes in Crab Tissues Collected from the Newark/Raritan Bay system. Environmental Science & Technology, 28, 1535-1538.
Cericco, Marcelo, Gopi K. Jaligama, Robert B. Ambrose Jr. 2010. Comparison of the Monod and Drooop Methods for Dynamic Water Quality Simulations. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 136:1009-1019. doi: 10.1061/IASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000257.
Cericco, Marcelo and Gopi K. Jaligama. 2008. Hydrologic and Water Quality Integration Tool: HydroWAMIT. Journal of Environmental Engineering, August 2008, 600-609. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2008)134:8(600).
Chant, Robert J. 2011. Characterizing the response of the Raritan River to river discharge and the implication of sediment and nutrient loadings and water quality. A working paper. Rutgers University’s Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences.
Craig, Laura, Goeffrey Goll, Judy Shaw. 2012. Dam Removal in New Jersey: Background, Regulatory Guidance, and Practical Aspects. American Rivers.
Dahl, Soren F., Joshua Thiel, Bassem Allam. 2010. Field Performance of QPX Disease Progress in Cultured and Wild-type Strains of Mercenaria Mercenaria in New York Waters. Journal of Shellfish Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, 83-90.
Dean, D., H.H. Haskins. 1964. Benthic Repopulation of the Raritan River Estuary Following Pollution Abatement. Limnology and Oceanography. 9(4), pp. 551-563.
Dimou, K. Nadia, Tsang-Liang Su, Richard I. Hires, Robert Miskewitz. 2006. Distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Newark Bay Estuary. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 136:103-110.
Dobosiewicz, John F. 1997. A Spatial Analysis of Storm Caused Water Levels in an Urban Estuary, Raritan Bay, New Jersey: Some Preliminary Observations. Middle States Geographer, 30:35-41.
Estahbanati, Shirin and Nicole Fahrenfeld. 2016. Influence of wastewater treatment plant discharges on microplastic concentrations in surface water. Chemosphere. 162, pp. 277-284.
Ettel, Troy. 2006. Grassland Conservation Plan: Effective Stewardship of Public and Private Lands and Targeted Preservation of Critical Habitat. Raritan Piedmont Wildlife Habitat Partnership.
Ferrer, Jessica, Beth Ravit, Judy Shaw. 2011. Sustainable Raritan River Collaborative Action Report 2009-2010. Rutgers University.
Frye, R.J., J.A. Quinn. 1979. Forest Development in Relation to Topography and Soils on a Floodplain of the Raritan River, New Jersey. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 106(4), pp 334-345.
Gibs, Jacob, Bonnie Gray, Donald E. Rice, Steven Tessler, and Thomas H. Barringer. 2001. Water Quality of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, New Jersey 1998-99. Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4072
Gons, Herman J., Machteld Rijkeboer, Sima Bagheri, and Kevin G. Ruddick. 2000. Optical Teledetection of Chlorophyll in Estuarine and Coastal Waters. Environmental Science & Technology, 34, 5189-5192.
Guo, Qizhong and Carlos A. Correa. 2013. The Impacts of Green Infrastructure on Flood Level Reduction for the Raritan River: Modeling Assessment. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013: Showcasing the Future, ASCE.
Guo, Qizhong, Paul Kantor, Fred Roberts, David Robinson, Carlos A. Correa, and Blake Cignarella. 2014. Risk Analysis for Flood Mitigation on the Raritan. 6th International Conference on Flood Management, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Haag, Gary H. 1982. The Sedimentologic and Hydraulic Characteristics of the Raritan River in the Bound Brook Reach. Thesis submitted to The Graduate School – New Brunswick, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey for Master of Science Graduate Program in Geology. Professor Gail M. Ashley, Advisor.
HDR. 2003. Raritan Riverfront Strategy Plan. Middlesex County Improvement Authority.
Hollander, Jordan. 2011. Open Space Preservation and New Jersey: The Economic Benefit for Municipalities. Working Paper for Master’s Candidate Trinity College, Dublin. Dr. Judy Shaw, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Advisor.
HydroQual. 2007. A Model for the Evaluation and Management of Contaminants of Concern in Water, Sediment, and Biota in the NY/NJ Harbor Estuary: Contaminant Fate & Transport & Bioaccumulation Sub-models. Hudson River Foundation for Science and Environmental Research and The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
HydroQual. 2007. A Model for the Evaluation and Management of Contaminants of Concern in Water, Sediment, and Biota in the NY/NJ Harbor Estuary: Hydrodynamic Sub-model. Hudson River Foundation for Science and Environmental Research and The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
HydroQual. 2007. A Model for the Evaluation and Management of Contaminants of Concern in Water, Sediment, and Biota in the NY/NJ Harbor Estuary: Sediment Transport/Organic Carbon Production Sub-model. Hudson River Foundation for Science and Environmental Research and The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Jeffries, Harry P. 1962. Environmental Characteristics of a Polluted Estuary. Limnology and Oceanography. 7(1), pp. 21-31.
Kimborough, K.L., S. Commey, D.A. Apeti, and G.G. Lauenstein. 2010. Chemical Contamination Assessment of the Hudson-Raritan Estuary as a Result of the Attacks on the World Trade Center: Analysis of Trace Elements. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60 (2010) 2289-2296.
Kleinfelder/Omni. 2013. Phase II Executive Summary: Raritan River Basin Nutrient TMDL Study Watershed Model and TMDL Calculations, prepared for Rutgers University New Jersey EcoComplex and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Water Monitoring and Standards.
Kraeuter, John N., Gef Flimlin, Michael J. Kennish, Robert Macaluso, and Joette Viggiano. 2009. Sustainability of Northern Quahogs (= Hard Clams) Mercenaria Mercenaria, Linnaeus in Raritan Bay, new Jersey: Assessment of Size Specific Growth and Mortality. Journal of Shellfish Research, Vol 28, No. 2, 273-287.
Lathrop, Richard G., Subhasis Giri, Daryl Krasnuk, Sara J. Malone, and Jeanne Herb. 2016. State of the Raritan Report, Volume 1, Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Lathrop, Richard G., David L. Tulloch, Colleen Hatfield. 2006. Consequences of land use change in the New York-New Jersey Highlands, USA: Landscape indicators of forest and watershed integrity. Landscape and Urban Planning 79, 150-159.
Lauenstein, G.G. and K.L. Kimbrough. 2007. Chemical Contamination of the Hudson-Raritan Estuary as a result of the attack on the World Trade Center: Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychorinated biphenyls in mussels and sediment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54(3), pp. 284-294.
Lendall, Harry N., Willem Rudolfs. 1930. Methods for Abatement of the Pollution of the Raritan River: Report to the Port Raritan District Commission. Remington, Vosbury & Goff, Camden, NJ.
Liu, Qianqian, Bassem Allam, and Jackie L. Collier. 2009. Quantitative Real-Time PCR Assay for QPX (Thraustochytriidae), a Parasite of the Hard Clam (Mercenaria mercenaria). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, July 2009, p. 4913-4918. doi:10.1128/AEM.00246-09.
Lohmann, Rainer, Eric Nelson, Steven J. Eisenreich, Kevin C. Jones. 2000. Evidence for Dynamic Air-Water Exchange of PCDD/Fs: A Study in the Raritan Bay/Hudson River Estuary. Environmental Science & Technology, 34, 3086-3093.
Lowrie, Karen, Richard Ludescher, et al. 2009. White Paper: Public Access and Recreation. Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Lowrie, Karen, Leigh Ann Von Hagen, and Elizabeth Sewell. 2014. Middlesex Greenway Access Plan Health Impact Assessment, New Jersey Health Impact Collaborative, Rutgers Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, New Brunswick, NJ.
Malone, S.J., R.G. Lathrop, E. Pyshnik, J. Blum, J. Whytlaw, and J. Bognar. 2018. State of the Raritan Report, Volume 2, Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Marhaba, Taha F., Karim Bengraine, Yong Pu, Jaime Arago. 2003. Spectral fluorescence signatures and partial least squares regression: model to predict dissolved organic carbon in water. Journal of Hazardous Materials B97 (2003) 89-97.
Mayer, Hank, Bill Kibler, Martin McHugh, et al. 2009. White Paper: Balancing Redevelopment and Restoration. Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Money, Eric S., Gail P. Carter, and Marc L. Serre. 2009. Modern Space/Time Geostatistics Using River Distances: Data Integration of Turbidity and E. coli Measurements to Assess Fecal Contamination Along the Raritan River in New Jersey. Environmental Science & Technology, Voll. 43, No. 10. doi:10.1021/es83236jCCC
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. 2008. The New Jersey Wildlife Action Plan. Division of Fish and Wildlife, Endangered and Nongame Species Program. Trenton, NJ.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. 2008. Outline of The New Jersey Wildlife Action Plan. Division of Fish and Wildlife, Endangered and Nongame Species Program. Trenton, NJ.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. 2013. American Shad Restoration in the Raritan River. Division of Fish and Wildlife, Bureau of Freshwater Fisheries.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and New Jersey Department of Health. 2016. Fish Smart, Eat Smart: A Guide to Health Advisories for Eating Fish and Crabs Caught in New Jersey Waters.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Tetra Tech. 2007. Amendment to the Upper Raritan Water Quality Management Plan, Total Maximum Daily Loads for Pathogens to Address 4 Lakes in the Raritan Water Region, Watershed Management Area 8.
New Jersey Harbor Dischargers Group. 2010. 2010 New Jersey Harbor Dischargers Group Water Quality Report.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2007. Mulhockaway Creek Stormwater Management and Watershed Restoration Plan.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2006. Spruce Run Reservoir Initiative Project.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2005. Raritan Highlands Wastewater Management Plan.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2002. Portrait of a Watershed. Raritan Basin Watershed Management Project.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2002. Raritan Basin Watershed Management Project Final Technical Reports.
New Jersey Water Supply Authority. 2002. Raritan Basin Watershed Management Plan.
New York – New Jersey Harbor & Estuary Program. 2012. State of the Estuary 2012.
New York-New Jersey Harbor & Estuary Program, Habitat Workgroup. 2001. New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary Program Habitat Workgroup 2001 Status Report: A Regional Model for Estuary and Multiple Watershed Management.
New York/New Jersey Baykeeper. 2016. NY-NJ Harbor Estuary Plastic Collection Report.
New York/New Jersey Baykeeper. 2006. Brownfield to Greenfields.
O’Neill, Karen M. 2005. Can Watershed Management Unite Town and Country? Society and Natural Resources. 18(3): 241-253.
O’Shea, Marie L., Thomas M. Brosnan. 2000. Trends in Indicators of Eutrophication in Western Long Island Sound and the Hudson-Raritan Estuary. Estuaries, Vol. 23, No. 6, p. 877-901.
Obropta, Chris, Ken Klipstein, et al. 2009. White Paper: Improvements to Water Quality, Stormwater, and Infrastructure. Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Obropta, Christopher C., Gregory M. Rusciano. 2006. Addressing Total Phosphorus Impairments with Water Quality Trading. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, October 2006.
Omni Environmental LLC. 2005. Raritan River Nutrient Study.
Paul, Robert W. 2001. Geographical Signatures of Middle Atlantic Estuaries: Historical Layers. Estuaries, Vol. 24, No. 2, p. 151-166.
Paulson, Anthony J. 2005. Tracing water and suspended matter in Raritan and Lower New York Bays using dissolved and particulate elemental concentrations. Marine Chemistry 97 (2005) 60-77.
Peven, Carole S., Allen D. Uhler, Robert E. Hillman, William G. Steinhauer. 1996. Concentrations of organic contaminants in Mytilus edulis from the Hudson-Raritan Estuary and Long Island Sound. The Science of the Total Environment 179, 135-147.
Puzio, Joseph and Elena Barnett. 2003. Raritan River Dredging to Help Revitalize New Jersey Waterfront. HDR Innovations Newsletter, Spring 2003, Volume 11, Number 1.
Ravit, Beth, Meredity Comi, Deborah Mans, Christine Lynn, Frank Steimle, Sean Walsh, Robert Miskewitz, Stephanie Quierolo. 2012. Eastern Oysters (Crassostrea virginica) in the Hudson-Raritan Estuary: Restoration Research and Shellfishery Policy. Environmental Practice 14(2), pp. 110-129.
Ravit, Beth, Kathy Haake, Margaret O’Gorman et al. 2009. White Paper: Stewardship of the Raritan River. Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Reiser, R.G. 2004. Evaluation of streamflow, water quality, and permitted and non-permitted loads and yields in the Raritan River Basin, New Jersey, Water Years 1991-98. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4207, 210 p
Remington, Vosbury & Goff. 1930. Methods for the Abatement of Pollution of the Raritan River. Report to the Prt Raritan District Commission. Camden, NJ.
Robinson, David A. 2000. Hurricane Floyd Rainfall in New Jersey. 12th Conference on Applied Climatology, 2000, Asheville, NC, American Meteorological Society, 265-268.
Rodriguez, Wilfrid, Peter V. August, Yeqiao Want, John F. Paul, Arthur Gold, Norman Rubinstein. 2007. Empirical relationships between land use/cover and estuarine conditions in the Northeastern United States. Landscape Ecology 22:403-417.
Rothenberger, Megan B., Thomas Swaffield, Alyssa J. Calomeni, Carolyn D. Cabrey. 2013. Multivariate Analysis of Water Quality and Plankton Assemblages in an Urban Estuary. Estuaries and Coasts (s014) 34:695-711. DOI 10.1007s12237-013-9714-0
Ruppel, B., G.A. Buchanan, R.J. Horwitz, P.F. Overbeck, J. Ashley, D. Velinsky, and L. Zaoudeh. 2008. Routine Monitoring Program for Toxics in Fish – Year 3 Raritan River Region. Division of Science, Research and Technology. Research Project Summary.
Shallcross, Amy L., Tom J. Stanuikynas. 2002. Raritan Basin: Portrait of a Watershed. Raritan Basin Watershed Management Project, New Jersey Water Supply Authority, Watershed Protection Programs.
Shaw, Judith A., Michael Greenberg, Karen Lowrie, Henry Mayer, Joshua Caldwell, Jessical Ferrer, et al. 2009. The State of the Raritan River: A Work in Progress. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey for the Mushett Family Foundation.
Shaw, Judith Auer. 2015. The Raritan River: Our Landscape, Our Legacy. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.
Shaw, Judy, Bob Speigel, et al. 2009. White Paper: Hazardous Sites and Sediment Cleanup. Sustainable Raritan River Initiative, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.
Shaw, Judy, Michael Greenberg, Karen Lowrie, Henry Mayer, Chris Obropta, Beth Ravit, et al. 2009. Reclaiming the Raritan: A Restoration and Sustainable Reuse Plan: The Sustainable Raritan River Action Plan. Rutgers University E.J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy and Rutgers School of Environmental and Biological Sciences for the Mushett Family Foundation. New Brunswick, NJ.
Stehlik, Linda L., Robert A. Pikanowski, Donald G. McMillan. 2004. The Hudson-Raritan Estuary as a crossroads for distribution of blue (Callinectes sapidus), lady (Ovalipes ocellatus), and Atlantic rock (Cancer irroratus) crabs. Fishery Bulletin 102(4).
Stevens Institute of Technology. 2007. Ambient Monitoring of Water Quality within Major Tributaries & the Estuary, Studies I-D and I-E, Final Report. Prepared for The New Jersey Toxics Reduction Workplan for NY-NJ Harbor.
Thursby, Glen B., Eric A. Stern, K. John Scott, James Heltshe. 2000. Survey of Toxicity in Ambient Waters of the Hudson/Raritan Estuary, USA: Importance of Small-scale Variations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol 19, No. 11, pp. 2678-2682.
Totten, Lisa A., Archil Zarnadze. 2006. Measurements of poly-brominated diphenyl ethers (PBDES) in the air and water of the Hudson River estuary (HRE). Final report to the Hudson River Foundation.
Totten, Lisa A., Cari L. Gigliotti, Daryl A. VanRy, Thomas R. Glenn IV, Eric D. Nelson, Jordi Dachs, and Steven J. Eisenreich. 2001. Atmospheric Deposition of PCBs, PAHs, Trace Metals and Nitrogen to the Hudson River Estuary. Final Report to the Hudson River Foundation (HRF)
Tsipoura, Nellie, Mike Allen, Jay Kelly. 2012. Connecting People to Urban Wetlands: Preserving Biodiversity in the Raritan River Watershed, New Jersey. 2012 Report to Together Green.
Tsipoura, N., J. Burger, R. Feltes, J. Yacabucci, D. Mizrahi, C. Jeitner, M. Gochfeld. 2008. Metal concentrations in three species of passerine birds breeding in the Hackensack Meadowlands of New Jersey. Environmental Research, 107(2), pp. 218-228.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2009. Comprehensive Restoration Plan for the Hudson-Raritan Estuary. Volume I.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2009. Comprehensive Restoration Plan for the Hudson-Raritan Estuary. Volume II.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2014. Comprehensive Restoration Plan for the Hudson-Raritan Estuary. Executive Summary.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2005. Partners for Fish and Wildlife: Opportunities for Private Landowners. Fact Sheet, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Partners for Fish and Wildlife.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2003. The Coastal Program in New Jersey: Caring for Our Coastal Habitats. Fact Sheet, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Coastal Program.
U.S. Geological Survey. 2007. Concentrations and Loads of Organic Compounds and Trace Elements in Tributaries in Newark and Raritan Bays, New Jersey. Prepared for the New Jersey Toxics Reduction Workplan for NY-NJ Harbor.
Walsh, Richard J. 1928. Save the Raritan – “Queen of Rivers”.
Wenzel, Kelly M. 2011. What Now? Revisited: Assessing the Superfund Redevelopment Program for New Jersey’s Superfund Sites. Directed Study. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Dr. Judy Shaw, Advisor.
Wistendahl, Warren A. 1958. The Flood Plain of the Raritan River, New Jersey. Ecological Monographs, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Apr., 1958), p. 129-153. Ecological Society of America.
Wolfe, Douglas A., Edward R. Long, Glen B. Thursby. 1996. Sediment Toxicity in the Hudson-Raritan Estuary: Distribution and Correlations with Chemical Contamination. Estuaries. Vol. 19, No. 4, p. 901-912.
Zarnadze, Archil, and Lisa A. Rodenburg. 2008. Water-Column Concentrations and Partitioning of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in the New York/New Jersey Harbor, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 27, No. 8, pp. 1636-1642.
Zhang, Jen (Yongzhen), Robert A. O’Neil, Daniel J. Van Abs. 2003. Development, Redevelopment and the Protection of Critical Environmental Areas: Opportunities for Watershed Protection and Economic Growth in New Jersey’s Urban and Suburban Watersheds. New Jersey Water Supply Authority.
Zimmer, Bonnie. 2004. Raritan and Sandy Hook Bays Sanitary Survey Report 1997-2000. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Land Use Management.